The beautiful Pararite women of Uttarakhand love to wear jewelry made especially of silver or gold, adding grace and femininity to their personality. If you have ever visited the hills, you must have seen the ladies of Paar offering traditional pieces of jewelry such as Bulaq (gold or silver ring), Kundal (gold or silver earrings), Paunje (silver anklets) etc. Ornate gold necklaces like Hansuli, Chandan Haar, and Galobandh also wore great pride. But over time, these pieces of jewelry lose their identity as Pahadi women have become more and more obsessed with modern designs and pieces of traditional jewelry have become a rare sight. Nowadays, most Pahadi women seem to adorn modern high-end jewelry designs and lack the beauty found in traditional designs. So let us revive the traditional jewelry of Paar by reflecting its splendor on earth.
Nathuli or Nath is a charm of the women of Parar and is praised for its beautiful style. Dressed by women from Garhwal, Kumaon and Jaunsar-Bawar districts in Uttarakhand. However, the style and design may differ from both regions but its charisma remains the same. The bride’s ring or nose ring is what attracts the stars during the wedding. The weight and number of pearls included in the nath reflect the family status of the bride. Tehri Nath who celebrates his artistic make-up is one of Uttarakhand’s most iconic items worn during weddings, social gatherings, puja and important family events. This large piece of jewelry not only reflects Garhwal’s rich culture but is also a fashion statement that attracts many Pari and non-Pare brides to wear it.
Hansuli also known as ‘Khagwali’ in Garhwali is a famous necklace. This beautiful necklace is chosen for gold by the rich and the silver by the rich or the poor. Hansuli is worn by women in Garhwali, Kumaoni, Jaunsari and Botiya. These precious jewels are worn during festivals, weddings, exhibitions, social gatherings and important family activities. Hansuli is regarded as a piece of old jewelry that exemplifies the beauty of the women of Paar. But in this modern era, Hansuli’s beauty fades as people are attracted to precious jewelry. If this continues soon traditional jewelry will lose its company as no one will wear it.
Bulaq is a beautiful piece of jewelry worn on the nose. It is specially designed for skilled goldsmiths who paint intricate designs on it. Years ago, it was worn by women in Garhwal, Kumaon and the Jaunsar belt. But these days Bulaq’s madness is over and it is now considered an old tradition.
Galobandh also known as ‘Galabandh’ is one of the most famous Kumaoni traditional jewels. This elite neck piece is worn by women from Kumaoni, Garhwali, Botiya and Jaunsari. Galobandh as the name suggests is tied around the neck and is worn only by married women. The distinction of Galobandh is that it is built on a red belt, where pieces of gold-shaped jewelry are neatly placed with the help of a cord. While it is a valuable piece of jewelry that is out of fashion as modern jewelry has taken over the market, it does not open the door to traditional decoration. Although decoration is very popular with rural women it is not very popular with those who live in cities.
Dhagulu or Dhaglu is a circular bank made of silver. A common piece of jewelry in Nepal is also worn in other parts of Kumaon as it shares the border with Nepal. Even today, a few elderly women in Kumaon can be seen wearing special jewelry.
Pahunchi is actually a gold medal and is popular in Garhwal and Kumaon in the Uttarakhand region. In Kumaon, Pahunchi is considered to be the jewel of married women and is worn during ceremonies and important family activities. Pahunchi is usually made with 1 tola or more depending on the status of the bride family. Red cloth is used as the base material on which pure gold pearls are attached. The color red is used as it is considered suitable for married women.
Kamarbandh is worn around the waist by women from various communities in Uttarakhand. There are two types of Kamarbandh, one made of cloth and the other made of silver. It is worn over a traditional dress and tied at the waist to make it look feminine and delicate. Many women in Garhwali and Kumaoni still play with this unique jewelry that adds five stars to their beauty.
Kundal or Balis:
In the local language the Kundals are known as ‘Munad’, Murkhli, Munda, Balli, Tugyal etc. in the various districts of Uttarakhand. Kundali earrings can be seen adorning the ears of Pare women. They are made of gold or silver and their shape and size may vary according to a woman’s liking and appearance. Nowadays traditional designs have been replaced by new and beautiful designs. Balis, on the other hand, are earrings of large, round, gold-shaped gold earrings. They are made of gold and are worn by many women of Paris.
The Pauje is basically an anklet made of silver or brass and is slightly different from the ankle or pazeb worn by Indian women. The intricate web-like design is done for a fee displayed with Indian symbols. While in Pauje many ghunghroos or metal utensils are used. Although the composition of the pauje may differ from Kumaun, Garhwal, and Jaunsar, it is one of the most commonly worn ornaments of the Paar culture.
Bichhuwas toe rings are worn by women from Garhwali, Kumaoni, Jaunsari and Botiya. It is made of silver and is decorated with intricate designs consisting of Indian motifs, peacocks, flowers and leaves.
‘Kaan’ means ear and ‘phool’ means flower. Made of gold, kaanphool with earrings engraved with floral designs. These are usually worn by Jaunsari women.
A traditional necklace from Uttarakhand, chandan haar consists of gold beads attached to four to five long chains. These chains live together with the help of kundan bonds.