Assamese Jewellery : Traditional Jewellery of Assam

Assam is well known for his plain, green, colourful, nature, beautiful, jewelry styles, have a rich natural resources and culture. The traditions and customs and the dress of Assam along with his charming jewelry styles, all of which reflect the presence of a large number of tribes and empires that have shaped the history and culture of the state. From wild habitats, as well as the ancient temples and decorating styles are inspired by nature, Assam has it all. Instagram’s jewelry is made by master craftsmen and labourers of Assam. The traditional jewelry has the flora and fauna of the particles, as well as musical instruments such as the dhul.

Here’s everything you need to know about the traditional Assam jewelry.

Assamese Jewellery:

While some scholars believe that the word “Assam” is the Sanskrit word for Asoma, which means “the incomparable”, and most scholars believe that the term is derived from the original name of the Ahom kings, who ruled Assam for six hundred years. It was during the Ahom dynasty, and that Assam has developed the gold-washing, and the production of gold jewelry. In spite of the fact that the gold is a substance found in abundance in the sands of various rivers of the state, the majority of the volumes were taken into account by the Instagram’s River (a major tributary of the Brahmaputra).

It was during the reign of the Ahom kings, the gold wash on the shores of the Subansi, it was the most important occupation in Assam. Since Assam is famous for its traditional gold jewellery. Jorhat (located in the Upper Assam), Nagaon (which is located in the Heart of Assam) Barpeta (located in the Lower Assam are the main areas in which instagram of jewellery is being produced. Instagram’s jewelry in Jorhat city, both residents and tourists alike. Craftsmen in the traditional Instagram of jewelry can be referred to as sonari in Assamese.

Assamese Traditional Jewellery:

Traditional jewelry is made by the hands of the instagram craftsmen and women. Inspired by nature, most of the styles include motifs of birds, animals, and musical instruments, such as dhul life, pepa, etc. Designed and crafted by artisans, Instagram, jewelry is distinguished by exquisite craftsmanship.Learn more about the different types of traditional Assam jewelry below!

Dug-dugi:

An ancient piece of Assamese jewelry, Dug-dugi is a necklace for a woman. With its name still a mystery, Dug-dugi is a heart-shaped circle.

Kerumuni:

Made in a round shape, Kerumuni is a matrix of earrings, called the “Bahco”. The strands of the necklace consists of pearls, or mochi. In the first instance, this type of design was used in the earrings, but the trends are developed, it began to be used in pendants, too.

Thuriya:

These are traditional Assamese earrings adorned by older women of Assam. The traditional Thuriya has a very different shape. It consists of a flower-like front, a small central part, and a broad lower part. Its design helps earrings stay in the ears.

Gam-kharu:

This is a smoked bracelet / bangle made of silver or gold. Decorated by Assamese women, Gam-Kharu is one of Assam’s most beautiful treasures. It can be opened with a gold knot attached to it and therefore, can fit anyone.

Loka-paro:

The word “Paro” means doves! Loka Paro, dangling adorned with the same doves, is arranged in sequence, and attached to a string containing gold beads. The pigeons shown in the Loka Paro necklace are adorned with various precious stones such as Rubies, Emeralds, Amethyst, Rose Quartz, etc.

Jonbiri:

In Assamese, Jon means Moon and Biri is Jonbiri’s surroundings. This is an eye-catching accessory adorned with beautiful Assam women.Its design is inspired by Assam’s musical instruments, nature, and furniture.

Dholbiri/Motabiri:

Encouraged by Dol (musical instrument), traditional Dolbiri comes in the form of a dhol. It is considered one of the most popular decorative items for Assamese women.

Gal-pata:

Gal means the neck and pata are a flat path of Gal-pata. Adorned with the beautiful women of Assam, Gal-pata is a traditional dirty necklace made of Gold. Adorned with intricate floral designs.

Assamese Jewellery Making:

The traditional Assamese jewelry has been made by a group of Artisans known as “Sonari”. Many jewelry styles contain silver or lac as its base metal and Gold foil as their covering.

However, as styles change, people have begun to prefer a Gold base over a silver or lac base. As a result, Assamese jewelry now comes in 3 different types of metal.

  • The frame was made of Gold and the filling was made of Silver or Lac. Styles that contain Gold as their basis are known as “Kecha Sonar Gahana” or pat Sonar Gahana.
  • The frame is made of Silver or Lac and the filling is made of Gold foils.
  • The frame is made of Silver and the filling is also made of Silver metal. The whole piece is then overlaid with gold metal.
  • As soon as the frame is ready, the piece of jewelry is decorated with stones from Kundan and Meena. Initially, artisans used to adorn the piece with precious stones such as Rubies, Emeralds, and Garnets but because of the high cost, the demand for these pieces diminished. However, there are few artists who make jewelry adorned with precious stones.

You can buy such styles of Assam jewelry online or in the village of Rantal in Assam.

Ranthali Village of Assam:

The Ranthal Valley is famous for “Assamese jewelry” not only in the province but also throughout India. Located about five miles [8 km] from the village of Nagaon, Rantali village is home to many of the most talented Assam jewelers. About 90 percent of all Ranthalians work in the Assamese Jewelery business.

Traditional and Tribal Jewellery of Assam

Ssam is home to a variety of ethnic groups such as Monogrid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian, and Aryan. Each of these tribes has its own distinct culture, customs, way of life and clothing.

Here is a list of the traditional clothing of the great tribes living in Assam.

The Khasi Tribe:

The women of the Khasi tribe wear Jainen covering their body from the waist down to the ankles; Usually Jainen is made of cotton but for older women, it is made of woolen cloth.

The Mishing Tribe:

The opposition nation lives in the 11 provinces of Assam. The Mishing Tribe is the second-largest tribe in the northeastern region of India. The women of this tribe adorn the simple and colorful garments.

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